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Tom Konrad Ph.D., CFA
2015 was a very tough year for energy stocks, especially income
oriented energy stocks such as (mostly fossil fuel) MLPs and (mostly
clean energy) Yieldcos. Not only did oil and gas prices drop
dramatically, but most other commodities did as well. Low
commodity prices hurt commodity producers, but also commodity
recyclers and efficiency companies that help reduce the consumption.
Against this backdrop, I’m happy that my Ten
Clean Energy Stocks for 2015 model portfolio ended the year in
the black, with a 5.8% total return from December 31st 2014 to
December 31st 2015. For the same period, the broad market of
small cap stocks (as measured by the Russell 2000 index ETF IWM)
fell 4.8%. The Powershares Wilderhill Clean Energy ETF (NASD:
PBW), which is representative of most clean energy stocks,
fell 8.3%. My model portfolio is heavy on income stocks (six
out of ten), so I also use a clean energy income benchmark.
For the year through May, this was the global utilities ETF, JXI,
but I switched to the Global
X YieldCo Index ETF (NASD:YLCO)
at the start of June when it went public. This income
benchmark fell 30.4% for the year. I use a 60/40 blend
of the income benchmark and PBW for the whole model portfolio, and
this benchmark fell 21.6%.
The positive returns were driven by the six income stocks, which
were collectively up 23.8%, beating even the Green Global Equity
Income Portfolio (GGEIP) which I manage. This was up 12.0%
after fees, and still far ahead for the income benchmark. The
four value/growth stocks did not fare nearly as well, collectively
falling 21.2%, far behind their benchmark, PBW.
Individual Stock Returns and Highlights
Detailed performance for individual stocks can be seen in the chart
below (click for a larger version), including performance in the two
months since the last
At the start of the year, I provided high and low price targets
indicating the range in which I expected most of the stocks to
finish the year.
As you can see from the following chart, my range predictions were
only accurate for half of the stocks, with three income stocks
exceeding my high targets, and two value stocks falling below my low
targets. I examine the reasons for the two that fell short
(Power REIT and MiX Telematics) in the individual stock discussions
1. Hannon Armstrong
Sustainable Infrastructure (NYSE:HASI).
12/31/2014 Price: $14.23. Forward Annual Dividend:
$1.20. Beta: 0.81. Low Target: $13.50. High
12/31/15 Price: $18.92. 2015 Dividends: $1.08
YTD Total Return: 40.5%.
Sustainable infrastructure financier and Real Estate
Investment Trust Hannon Armstrong finally received the investor
recognition I’d hoped it would since its IPO in 2013. This
recognition drove HASI as high as $21.50 near the height of the
Yeildco bubble during the second quarter, and also kept it from
crashing back along with its Yieldco cousins.
Also unlike most Yieldcos, Hannon Armstrong retains access to the
capital markets, as demonstrated by its secondary
offering of stock at $18/share in October and issuance of
$100.5 million worth of A-Rated bonds in September.
in its quarterly dividend to $0.30 per share, exactly in the
middle of its guidance range on December 15th.
HASI remains the largest holding in my managed accounts, but I
expect to continue to trim my holdings in the coming year whenever
the stock is over $20 to invest in other opportunities.
Cable Corp. (NYSE:BGC)
12/31/2014 Price: $14.90. Forward
Annual Dividend: $0.72. Beta: 1.54. Low Target:
$10. High Target: $30.
12/31/15 Price: $13.43. 2015 Dividends: $0.72
YTD Total Return: -5.0%.
International manufacturer of electrical and fiber optic cable
General Cable Corp. had a volatile year, ending down 5%. In
part, that was the normal behavior of a highly leveraged,
economically sensitive company in an uncertain economy, but it was
also news-driven. The company shot up in the second quarter
on buyout rumors, then crashed back when no buyout
materialized. The company also ran into a hiccup in its
restructuring, when the buyer of its Asian operations, MM
Logistics (MML), failed to close on the second part of its
The company says it is evaluating all its options with regard to
MML, but we can expect it to continue to seek buyers for its
remaining Asian holdings.
Although I am not selling General Cable in my managed accounts, I
have dropped it from the 2016 list because of the high volatility
and lack of insider buying.
Renewables Inc. (TSX:RNW,
12/31/2014 Price: C$11.48. Forward Annual
Dividend: C$0.84. Low Target: C$10. High
12/31/15 Price: C$10.37. 2015 Dividends: C$0.811
YTD Total C$ Return: -2.6%. YTD Total US$ Return:
Yieldco TransAlta Renewables outperformed most of its troubled
Yieldco peers, but still fell for the year. Its decline has
only improved its attractive valuation. My dividend discount
model values it at C$18.61 at a 9% discount rate, 79% above the
Even at the current price, the company is able to access the equity
market for capital to acquire new assets and expand the
dividend. It just closed on a third drop down from its parent,
TransAlta Corp (TAC), which allowed it to increase its per-share
annual dividend 5% to C$84.
TransAlta Renewables remains in the list for 2016 because of its
compelling 8.1% current yield, and its ability to continue its
modest dividend increases in future years.
Capstone Infrastructure Corp (TSX:CSE.
12/31/2014 Price: C$3.63. Forward Annual
Dividend C$0.30. Low Target: C$3. High Target: C$5.
12/31/15 Price: C$3.20. 2015 Dividends: C$0.30
YTD Total C$ Return: 22.8%. YTD Total US$
Canadian power producer and developer (Yieldco) Capstone
Infrastructure rose sharply in November when it announced
that it had retained two investment banks to aid it in
“reviewing and considering various alternatives involving the
Corporation.” A sale of the corporation to a better
capitalized buyer could lead to further gains in 2016, but a
conclusion of the review without a sale might lead the stock to
fall, despite a very attractive 8.3% dividend.
My dividend discount model values Capstone at C$4.89 at a 10%
discount rate, and C$3.74 at a 12% discount rate, making Capstone a
good to excellent value at its current price. That said, I
removed Capstone from the 2016 list to make room for other Yieldcos
with even more compelling valuations.
New Flyer Industries (TSX:NFI,
12/31/2014 Price: C$13.48. Forward
Annual Dividend: C$0.70. Low Target:
C$10. High Target: C$20.
12/31/15 Price: C$28.32. 2015
Dividends: C$0.557 YTD Total C$ Return: 114.6%.
YTD Total US$ Return: 79.9%.
Leading North American bus manufacturer New Flyer ended the year
with a bang, rising 42% in the past two months, and 115% for the
year in Canadian dollar terms. The rise was due to the
recovery of the bus manufacturing industry, and New Flyer’s
repeated success in becoming the industry’s clear leader.
Over the last two years, New Flyer had consolidated its lead in
the transit bus industry with the takeover of rivals NABI and
Orion’s parts business. It then announced the merger with
the leading motor coach (long distance bus) manufacturer, MCI, and
a 12.9% annual dividend increase to C$0.70.
Although I consider New Flyer a great company to own, and
excellent diversifier in a green portfolio, I think it’s fully
valued at the current price. I have dropped it from the 2016
list and sold roughly two-thirds of the holdings in managed
accounts to invest in better valued stocks.
12/31/2014 Price: €13.60. Forward Annual
Dividend: TBA. Low Target: €12.
High Target: €20.
12/31/15 Price: €21.07.
2015 Dividends: €0.61 YTD
Total € Return: 59.4%. YTD
Total US$ Return: 43.0%.
European bicycle manufacturer Accell Group has also been
consolidating it s position, albeit in a much more fragmented
industry. The company’s leadership is particularly strong in
the booming European electric bike (e-bike) market. Despite
economic headwinds, Accell rode the surging e-bike trend to better
revenues and profits in 2015. Like New Flyer, I am dropping
Accell from the 2016 list because of its comparatively high
valuation and low dividends compared to many Yieldcos.
Unlike New Flyer, I have only trimmed my holdings because I
believe the e-bike trend will only accelerate.
Biodiesel and specialty chemicals producer FutureFuel had a
turbulent year. The biodiesel market remained depressed
because of low oil prices and political uncertainty.
Although oil prices have not ceased their decline, the price of
biodiesel feedstocks has also fallen, albeit more slowly.
When feedstock prices catch up with oil, biodiesel profitability
should improve. Low oil prices also increase fuel usage, and
hence biofuel demand where regulatory mandates require a certain
percentage of fuel sold to be biofuel.
Political uncertainty was greatly
reduced when the EPA set target renewable fuel standard
(RFS) volumes for 2014, 2015, and 2016 and reinstated the
$1-per-gallon tax credit for biodiesel. While ethanol
producers were generally unhappy with the new targets, biodiesel
producers fared better. All these factors mean 2016 is likely to
be a banner year for biodiesel.
While FutureFuel’s biodiesel business stagnated in 2015, its
chemicals business recovered from previous missteps. This
led to a small positive return for investors in 2015.
While I believe there is still room for improvement in the
chemical business, I’m much more optimistic about biodiesel.
Hence, I am replacing FF with Renewable
Energy Group, a.k.a REG (NASD:REGI)
in the 2016 list. REG is the leading pure-play bio-based
diesel stock, and it has spent the downturn using its ample
balance sheet to buy up weaker rivals, diversify geographically,
and consolidate its lead in the industry.
8. Power REIT
12/31/2014 Price: $8.35. Annual
Dividend: $0. Beta: 0.52. Low
Target: $5. High Target: $20.
12/31/15 Price: $4.35. YTD Total Return: -47.9%.
Solar and rail Real Estate Investment Trust Power REIT received the
final ruling in its civil case with its lessees, Norfolk Southern
and Wheeling & Lake Erie railways. The main issues in this case
were previously resolved in favor of the lessees during summary
judgement. Power REIT has hoped to be able to foreclose on the
lease of its 112 miles of track, since the value of the lease
payments have fallen far below the value of the assets since it was
signed in 1967. Although the language of the lease seemed to
support Power REIT’s contention that the lessees were in default,
the court ruled that past performance under the lease supported the
The final ruling was decided
mostly in Power REIT’s favor. Power REIT’s CEO, David
Lesser, was found to have committed fraud in an email as part of the
process of creating the holding company Power REIT, and only $1 in
damages were awarded. The lessees were unable to prove any
damages, and the judge dismissed their attempts to undo the reverse
merger by which Power REIT now owns the Pittsburgh & West
Virginia Railway (the lease holder.) The court also dismissed
the lessees attempts to prevent Power REIT from issuing any more
The remaining legal risks and possible rewards for Power REIT rest
on the possibility that Power REIT may appeal. The company has been
researching the possibility of an appeal since the unfavorable
summary judgment was handed down in August. No decision has
yet been made, but Lesser has said me that he believes the cost of
an appeal would be limited. While the potential upside from
winning an appeal are gigantic, the chances seem low, and so I do
not place any value on a potential appeal.
When I came up with my low $5 target below which I did not expect
Power REIT’s stock to fall, I had not anticipated the massive
decline in Yieldco valuations. Aside from the legal case,
Power REIT is a micro-cap Yieldco which owns land under solar farms,
and which is likely to resume its $0.40 annual dividend sometime in
late 2016 or 2017. On the plus side, the popping of the
Yieldco bubble means that Power REIT will have more opportunities to
acquire more land under renewable energy projects. Conversely,
lower current Yieldco valuations mean that a microcap Yieldco would
have to pay a much higher dividend to attract investors.
Capstone Infrastructure (discussed above) currently pays an 8.7%
dividend. While dividends for Canadian stocks are often higher
than US-listed stocks, Power REIT has only 1/30th of the market
capitalization of Capstone. Hence a 9% yield seems reasonable,
which would give Power REIT a price of $4.44 upon the resumption of
Power REIT, while undervalued, is less undervalued than several
larger and more liquid Yieldcos. Hence, I am dropping it from
the 2016 list. I maintain a position in the common stock in my
personal portfolio, and the preferred stock (PW-PA)
remains in both my personal and managed portfolios.
9. Ameresco, Inc.
12/31/2014 Price: $7.00. Annual
Dividend: $0. Beta: 1.36. Low
Target: $6. High Target: $16.
12/31/15 Price: $6.25. YTD Total Return: -10.7%.
Energy service contractors Ameresco continues to benefit from
redoubled efforts to save energy in public buildings.
It had been suffering for two years because its clients, mostly
government entities, had been slow to finalize contracts. That has
been turning around in 2015, and Obama’s recent initiatives to
further improve energy efficiency in government buildings should
help as well. Further, Ameresco has diversified its business
into commercial solar installation, and that business will benefit
over the next few years from the long term extension of the Solar
Investment Tax Credit.
Despite all this, the stock fell again in 2015. Company
insiders, especially CEO and controlling shareholder George
Sakellaris, maintain their faith in the company by continuing to
buy the stock in quantity. If other investors fail to
recognize Ameresco’s potential in 2016, the stock has fallen low
enough that he may decide to take it private.
Ameresco remains in the list for 2016.
10. MiX Telematics
12/31/2014 Price: $6.50. Forward
Annual Dividend: ZAR 0.08 or $0.15 Beta:
0.78. Low Target: $5. High Target: $20.
12/31/15 Price: $4.22. 2015 Dividends: $0.221 YTD
Total South African Rand Return: -8.4%. YTD Total
US$ Return: -31.7%.
MiX provides vehicle and fleet management solutions customers in 112
countries. The company’s customers benefit from increased safety,
efficiency and security. Like Ameresco, MIXT stock has
fallen despite progress in the business, which has been regularly
posting annual subscriber growth around 15%.
I attribute the stock decline to a combination of the oil price
decline, the fall of the South African rand, and flat
earnings caused by falling hardware sales as MiX shifts from a
sales model to a bundled subscription model.
The oil price decline hurts MiX because a large proportion of its
customers are in the Oil & Gas sector, and the falling rand
hurts because South Africa is the company’s home market.
Both oil and the rand could go up as easily as down in 2016,
having a positive effect on the stock. Also, as more and
more of MiX’s revenues come from subscriptions, earnings are
becoming less sensitive to hardware sales.
MiX also reinstated its dividend in 2015, a move which did not seem
to please the market, but makes it even more attractive to me.
The current low valuation and solid finances provide a measure of
protection for shareholders even while the company’s strong position
in a rapidly growing industry provide excellent long and short term
Even with the falling oil price and rand, I still find the magnitude
of MIXT’s fall (and the fact that it fell below my expected range of
$5-$20) difficult to explain. When I can’t explain a stock’s
fall, I look harder for reasons. When I still can’t explain
it, I call it a buying opportunity.
Needless to say, MiX remains in the list for 2016. I have been
adding modestly to my position despite considerable losses in the
stock over the last two years.
2016 holds many risks for the world economy and the stock
market. The market remains expensive, despite its small
decline in 2015. Growth outside the US seems elusive, and
seems especially uncertain in China. On the other hand, clean
energy stocks seem particularly undervalued, with most trading at
valuations which would interest the most conservative value-oriented
investors. In addition to inexpensive valuations, Clean Energy
just received important boosts from the historic long term
extensions of three important tax credits (the Solar ITC, the wind
PTC, and the biodiesel blender’s credit.)
The ITC extension was the longest and is getting the most attention,
but it is a little bit of a two-edged sword. Its expected
expiration at the end of 2016 has led manufacturers to boost
capacity in order to meet an expected demand surge, as projects
which might have been built in 2017 or 2018 were expected to be
pulled forward to take advantage of the credit. With the ITC
extension, these anticipated projects may now be delayed.
This, combined with economic weakness in China may cause a temporary
glut of solar modules and components. If such a glut emerges,
it will damage (already thin) industry profit margins.
I see no such problems for wind or biodiesel. Wind
manufacturers (unlike solar) have lived with stop-and-go incentives
in the US for the last decade, and so a long-term extension of the
PTC should finally allow them the certainty to build out North
American manufacturing for the long term. More local
manufacturing should drive down costs, setting the stage for a
multi-year boom for wind in the US.
Likewise, the biodiesel industry has not had this much regulatory
certainty for years. While oil prices are low, feed stock
costs are also falling, and regulations have set the stage for
industry growth through 2017. Many producers have been driven
out of business during the industry downturn, and the survivors are
more efficient and have more flexible technology and supply chains
than ever before.
Finally, Yieldcos are still widely misunderstood, and so have become
extremely cheap. Since the start of the year, worries about
China have pulled down the stock market, and many Yieldcos have
fallen with it. Since most Yieldco revenues do not depend on
Chinese or even domestic growth, this decline is simply extending
what I expect to be a historic buying opportunity for Yieldco
While I have significant fears about the direction of the broad
stock market in 2016, the year could be a first for clean energy
stocks. In the past, they have only done well in conjunction
with good performance of the broader market, and have sometimes
suffered while the broad market held its own. Given the
current valuations and strong policy drivers, 2016 could be the
first year to see clean energy profits against a backdrop of general
Investors hoping to ride the trend should consider this year’s Ten
Clean Energy Stocks for 2016.
Disclosure: Long HASI, CSE/MCQPF, ACCEL/ACGPF, NFI/NFYEF, AMRC,
MIXT, PW, PW-PA, FF, BGC, RNW/TRSWF. I am the manager of the
DISCLAIMER: Past performance is
not a guarantee or a reliable indicator of future results.
This article contains the current opinions of the author and
such opinions are subject to change without notice. This
article has been distributed for informational purposes only.
Forecasts, estimates, and certain information contained herein
should not be considered as investment advice or a
recommendation of any particular security, strategy or
investment product. Information contained herein has been
obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but not
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